Why type 2 diabetes usually appears after the age 40?
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not use insulin effectively and slowly loses its ability to make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of the glucose in the blood. Insulin helps the glucose produced in the digestion of carbohydrates to move from the blood to the body’s cells where it can be used for energy.
In type 2 diabetes, the body’s cells do not respond effectively to the insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. This causes glucose to remain in the blood, which raises the level of glucose in the blood above normal (known as hyperglycemia).
What are the early signs of type 2 diabetes?
Most people with type 2 diabetes do not experience any symptoms at first and may not be diagnosed for years.
If they have symptoms, they include:
- Very thirsty
- Excessive urination
- Feeling tired
- Feeling hungry
- Cuts that heal slowly
Over time, diabetes can lead to complications, which in turn can lead to other symptoms.
Blood glucose testing is important to detect diabetes and type 2 diabetes before complications develop.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
The underlying cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown.
However, the risk factors for developing the type 2 diabetes include:
- Family history of type 2 diabetes
- With too much weight or fat, especially around the waist
- Low level of physical activity
- Weak diet
- More than 55 years old
- For women – having gestational diabetes
- For women – have polycystic ovary syndrome
- For women – having a baby weighing more than 4.5 kg
Some groups of people are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, including:
The average age of onset for the type 2 diabetes
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends annual diabetes testing after the age of 45.
However, the development of the condition depends on many other factors to make an accurate estimate individually.
Extensive combination of health and lifestyle factors can affect the progression of the condition. Most people have had diabetes for years without realizing it. This leads to a wide gap between the age of onset and the age of diagnosis.
Some estimates claim that one in four people does not know they have diabetes. Also, most national surveys and studies do not differentiate between the rates of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults.
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), adults between the ages of 45 and 64 receive the most recent diagnoses of diabetes in the United States.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes, such as increased thirst, hunger and fatigue, often do not go away until complications develop. Taking steps to prevent diabetes is vital, as long as the condition is known to progress.
Here are some ways to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes:
- Exercise moderately for at least 150 minutes a week, including daily activities.
- Maintain a healthy, balanced diet
- Reduce simple sugars, extra sugars and fats in the diet
- Monitoring Carbohydrate Consumption
- Eat smaller meals than three large meals throughout the day
- Lose 5 to 7 percent of the total body weight
- Monitoring or treating blood glucose levels
- Lowering blood pressure lowers cortisol hormone levels, which can raise blood glucose levels.
- Stay hydrated
- Increasing fiber consumption
- Regular sleep schedule to reduce the release of the stress hormones
As the body ages, nutritional requirements change, and the risk of injury increases. The National Institute on Age recommends that a person change their diet and exercise plans after reaching the age of 50.
However, people should start getting tested for diabetes every year after reaching the age of 45. If these tests show type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, they can start adjusting as soon as possible.
People who are at high risk for diabetes need to make sure that diets choices help maintain a healthy blood sugar. However, with effective portion control and careful diet planning, people with type 2 diabetes can still eat their favorite foods.